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Archive for February, 2011

Latihan Menulis #1

Everybody Can Cook

Now days, cooking is become something uncommon activities for women in their daily life. For working women, they prefer to buy something to eat rather than cooking. They think that it’s more practice and time effectively for their busy life. So the next question is, could they cook something to eat?

For some people, especially for women, cooking is very difficult skills and activities. It become worst if they not used to cook since they were young and when they still have a lot of spare time to learn. In some cases, the women, who have a choice not to cook, prefer to have other interesting hobbies than cooking.

In the matter of fact, everybody can cook. If we have desire to learn, we can start to cook the simplest recipes that we know. By not acceded, someone could learn from the failure and made the improvement. After realize of this step, there are several important things that someone has to know in learning cooking.

First step is the taste of ingredients. Someone has to eager to taste all fresh ingredients. For the example, simple spices that are used in daily food, like garlic, leek, parsley, basil, clove, coriander, and many more. Furthermore, the more examples are some kinds of vegetables, fruits, meats, or other ingredients. They should try them one by one and remember the taste. After that, try to combine the taste into a kind of menu.

Second step is how to process the ingredients in good way. In specific ingredients, if we don’t know how to cook them well, it will reduce or even damage the taste. For example, if we cook the tomatoes too long in the soup, it will reduce the vitamins and minerals in tomatoes. We have to give it when the soup is getting cooked, approximately in the last two minutes of cooking.

The next important thing is how to control the heat of fire while cooking. Sometimes we have to know when to cook in high heat or in low heat. In cooking pasta, it’s important to cook in low heat for mixing the taste of sauce. But we have to use high heat when we fry chickens or meats. We can know the best and ideal measurement of heat by practices or information from recipe books.

The last thing is how to use the cooking equipments and know the right techniques. We can find easily cooking equipments in stores, start from a traditional or modern one. Then, we have to know how to use it. Meanwhile, there are modern and traditional techniques while cooking. In several specific foods only can cook by traditional technique. For the example, Rendang which cooked by wood will have different taste from which cooked in modern stove. Many people prefer to choice traditional Rendang because of its authentic taste.

Beside of these skills, there is still the easiest way to learn cooking. Someone can find the practical cooking book, which include step by step pictures in every stages of cooking. Start with the simplest recipe and common ingredients. Then, try to use the spare time on weekend to cook. Just remember, more practice makes perfect. (Feb1)

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#1 Declarative sentences and word order

Sentence: SUBJECT + PREDICATE

Incomplete actions:

  • He is washing the car (He is not finished)
  • I was sleeping when he called (I didn’t finish my nap. His call interrupted my sleep.)

Completed actions:

  • He washes the car every Sunday (His habit is to wash the car on Sunday)
  • Uncle Bill will arrive today (Uncle Bill will arrive today only once)

Recognizing tense from context:

With certain verbs, it is the context of the sentence that tells you which tense is implied.

  • Present: He quits working here today.
  • Past: He quit yesterday after only five days on the job.
  • Future: He quits tomorrow after more than thirty years with us.

Types of complements Subject + predicate + adj/adv/prep.phrase/object

  • The children are noisy. (adj)
  • His eyes blinked rapidly. (adv)
  • Our relatives sat in the garden. (prepositional phrase)
  • I don’t know Mr. Walker. (direct object)
  • They approached the house cautiously from the rear. (combination of elements)

Placing emphasized elements first

emphasized element + subject + predicate + complement

Emphasized elements tend to tell when or how often something is done (usually, ordinarily, in the winter, today, during summer vacation). For example:

  • They went to a concert yesterday. (Yesterday they went to a concert.)
  • He brushes his teeth every morning. (Every morning he brushes his teeth.)
  • The girls play chess in the evening. (In the evening the girls play chess.)
  • Without looking back at his parents, John quickened his pace and turned the corner.
  • After hearing the good news, Mary embraced Bill and kissed him.

Using negatives Sentences can be negated by using any of a variety of negative words: no, not, not any, none, nothing, no one, never, nowhere, or nobody. Examples:

  • I have no time for this now.
  • You are not allowed to smoke here.
  • She does not want any contact with you.
  • None of the contestants knew the answer.
  • I have nothing more to say to you.
  • He spoke to no one about it.
  • They never really expected to win the lottery.
  • There’s nowhere I’d rather live than right here.
  • Nobody saw the burglar enter the house.

no = not any

no one = not anyone

nobody = not anybody

nowhere = not anywhere

nothing = not anything

  • I have no money. >> I do not have any money.
  • I will buy no gift s. >> I will not buy any gifts.

 

sumber: English Sentence Builder

Start to a Reading Test

In reading, there are few types of questions, start from true and false questions, multiple questions, headings, matching the answers, and feel the blanks. There are some tips in each question to get the right answer.

In one of the book that I have read, the most important thing to get a better score is practice regularly. I start with have one section of practice every morning and review it in the weekend. After getting review in everyday practice, in Sunday night, I try the real IELTS reading practice, including the time estimate. It’s important to practice in the real time because it can help me to take control in the real test.

I hope, I can reduce the wrong answer and get the rhythm of the question. Next posting I will write some tips for each type of reading test.

Writing Stages

Musicians practice their pieces many times before a concert. Athletes work out before a competition. In the same way, good writers go through several stages when they write. ‘Process writing’ will guide you through these stages so your final paper is really your best effort.

The first stage of process writing is getting ideas. In this course, you will learn and practice several different ways to get ideas. Try them all and see which way works best for you

An important stage in process writing is sharing your writing. You can see how other writers like you handled the same assignment, and you can get some good ideas from them. You can also see how well someone else understands your ideas.

After you finish your assignment, put it away for some time. When you look at it again, you may have new ideas. Your classmates may help you find new ideas, too. Writing your paper again (called ‘revising’) gives you the chance to improve your paper.

Before you give your teacher your paper, check it carefully. Read it aloud. Does it sound natural? Did you forget any words? Did you remember to write the heading correctly? Does your paper look neat? Remember to give your teacher your best effort!

Mistakes #1 – TOEFL

Start from now, I will write all the mistakes that I made when had toefl exercises.  Like a wise man said, why don’t we learn from our mistakes… hehehehe

#1

1. Ancient civilizations such as those of the Phoenicians and the Mesopotamians ……. goods rather than use money.

a. use to trade

b. is used to trade

c. used to trade

d. was used to trade

>> my answer: (D) >> key: (C)

2.  General Grant had General Lee ……. him at Appromattox to sign the official surrender of the Confederate forces.

a. to meet

b. met

c. meet

d. meeting

>> my answer: (A) >> key: (C)

3. If a ruby is heated it ….. temporarily lose its color.

a. would

b. will

c. does

d. has

>> my answer: (A) >> key: (B)

4. ……… small specimen of the embryonic fluid is removed from a fetus, it will be posible to determine whether the baby will be born with birth defects.

a. A

b. That a

c. If a

d. When it is a

>> my answer: (B) >> key: (C)

5. ……. Java Man, who lived before that the first Ice Age, is the first manlike animal.

a. It is generally believed that

b. Generally believed it is

c. Believed generally is

d. That is generally believed

>> my answer: (D) >> key: (A)

Sentences and paragraphs

While learning writing for the first time, let’s we read this tips.

BEGINNING

1. recognice and write complete sentences

2. learn how to begin and end a sentence

3. learn the common features of a paragraph

4. identify strong and weak paragraph

Notes:

A  complete sentence in English needs two words: a subject (a noun or a pronoun) and a predicate ( a verb). Most English sentence are longer than just  two words, but every sentence tells a complete thought. Groups of words that do not make complete sentences are called phrases.

Curhat #1

Awalnya aku berfikir aku sudah cukup baik dalam menyiapkan ujian untuk beasiswa beberapa waktu lalu. Pengalaman dan nilai IELTS yang kupikir cukup untuk masuk kriteria. Tetapi satu yang aku lupa, aku berusaha setengah-setengah. Selalu terburu-buru dan kadang melupakan bahwa yang mereka adalah yang terbaik dari kemampuanku.

Tidak ada cerita untuk menjadi orang yang rata-rata untuk mendapatkan beasiswa itu.

Aku berjanji pada diriku sendiri, mulai saat ini, tidak hanya saat belajar bahasa inggris ini, saat menulis, membaca, bekerja, bahkan berteman, aku akan melakukannya yang terbaik.

Terima kasih nasihatnya ya Say. Hayo Semangat!

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