Sentence: SUBJECT + PREDICATE
- He is washing the car (He is not finished)
- I was sleeping when he called (I didn’t finish my nap. His call interrupted my sleep.)
- He washes the car every Sunday (His habit is to wash the car on Sunday)
- Uncle Bill will arrive today (Uncle Bill will arrive today only once)
Recognizing tense from context:
With certain verbs, it is the context of the sentence that tells you which tense is implied.
- Present: He quits working here today.
- Past: He quit yesterday after only five days on the job.
- Future: He quits tomorrow after more than thirty years with us.
Types of complements Subject + predicate + adj/adv/prep.phrase/object
- The children are noisy. (adj)
- His eyes blinked rapidly. (adv)
- Our relatives sat in the garden. (prepositional phrase)
- I don’t know Mr. Walker. (direct object)
- They approached the house cautiously from the rear. (combination of elements)
Placing emphasized elements first
emphasized element + subject + predicate + complement
Emphasized elements tend to tell when or how often something is done (usually, ordinarily, in the winter, today, during summer vacation). For example:
- They went to a concert yesterday. (Yesterday they went to a concert.)
- He brushes his teeth every morning. (Every morning he brushes his teeth.)
- The girls play chess in the evening. (In the evening the girls play chess.)
- Without looking back at his parents, John quickened his pace and turned the corner.
- After hearing the good news, Mary embraced Bill and kissed him.
Using negatives Sentences can be negated by using any of a variety of negative words: no, not, not any, none, nothing, no one, never, nowhere, or nobody. Examples:
- I have no time for this now.
- You are not allowed to smoke here.
- She does not want any contact with you.
- None of the contestants knew the answer.
- I have nothing more to say to you.
- He spoke to no one about it.
- They never really expected to win the lottery.
- There’s nowhere I’d rather live than right here.
- Nobody saw the burglar enter the house.
no = not any
no one = not anyone
nobody = not anybody
nowhere = not anywhere
nothing = not anything
- I have no money. >> I do not have any money.
- I will buy no gift s. >> I will not buy any gifts.
sumber: English Sentence Builder