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Incomplete actions:

  • He is washing the car (He is not finished)
  • I was sleeping when he called (I didn’t finish my nap. His call interrupted my sleep.)

Completed actions:

  • He washes the car every Sunday (His habit is to wash the car on Sunday)
  • Uncle Bill will arrive today (Uncle Bill will arrive today only once)

Recognizing tense from context:

With certain verbs, it is the context of the sentence that tells you which tense is implied.

  • Present: He quits working here today.
  • Past: He quit yesterday after only five days on the job.
  • Future: He quits tomorrow after more than thirty years with us.

Types of complements Subject + predicate + adj/adv/prep.phrase/object

  • The children are noisy. (adj)
  • His eyes blinked rapidly. (adv)
  • Our relatives sat in the garden. (prepositional phrase)
  • I don’t know Mr. Walker. (direct object)
  • They approached the house cautiously from the rear. (combination of elements)

Placing emphasized elements first

emphasized element + subject + predicate + complement

Emphasized elements tend to tell when or how often something is done (usually, ordinarily, in the winter, today, during summer vacation). For example:

  • They went to a concert yesterday. (Yesterday they went to a concert.)
  • He brushes his teeth every morning. (Every morning he brushes his teeth.)
  • The girls play chess in the evening. (In the evening the girls play chess.)
  • Without looking back at his parents, John quickened his pace and turned the corner.
  • After hearing the good news, Mary embraced Bill and kissed him.

Using negatives Sentences can be negated by using any of a variety of negative words: no, not, not any, none, nothing, no one, never, nowhere, or nobody. Examples:

  • I have no time for this now.
  • You are not allowed to smoke here.
  • She does not want any contact with you.
  • None of the contestants knew the answer.
  • I have nothing more to say to you.
  • He spoke to no one about it.
  • They never really expected to win the lottery.
  • There’s nowhere I’d rather live than right here.
  • Nobody saw the burglar enter the house.

no = not any

no one = not anyone

nobody = not anybody

nowhere = not anywhere

nothing = not anything

  • I have no money. >> I do not have any money.
  • I will buy no gift s. >> I will not buy any gifts.


sumber: English Sentence Builder


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