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Latihan Menulis #2

Here’s my exercise of topic sentence in paragraph.

Topic sentence: Eat a lot of food make me sleepy

Paragraph:

Usually, after having a breakfast I did not eat any food until the lunch time. Since I have to work harder and joined the project, there’re many jobs have to done in one day. It made me didn’t realize that I used to look for snacks during the work. Like yesterday, I ate a small dish of rice and a piece of fried chicken, after that I ate two traditional doughnuts, one patty shell cooky, and a glass of pineapple juice in two and half hours. The food that I ate made me sleepy after the lunch time. So, today I try not to take any snacks and only drink a glass of papaya juice.

Topic Sentences

After we knew about sentences and paragraphs, so let’s continue to the next steps, how to make topic sentences.

Please see this picture below,

In paragraph, topic sentences will followed by secondary sentences. Usually, one topic sentence will have more than three secondary sentences which give more explanations of the topic sentence.

In the section two of  IELTS writing test, the topic sentences used in the outline. We can create a paragraph by using topic sentence and its secondary sentences.

Please make some exercise from this idea. Have a happy writing 😉

Latihan Menulis #1

Everybody Can Cook

Now days, cooking is become something uncommon activities for women in their daily life. For working women, they prefer to buy something to eat rather than cooking. They think that it’s more practice and time effectively for their busy life. So the next question is, could they cook something to eat?

For some people, especially for women, cooking is very difficult skills and activities. It become worst if they not used to cook since they were young and when they still have a lot of spare time to learn. In some cases, the women, who have a choice not to cook, prefer to have other interesting hobbies than cooking.

In the matter of fact, everybody can cook. If we have desire to learn, we can start to cook the simplest recipes that we know. By not acceded, someone could learn from the failure and made the improvement. After realize of this step, there are several important things that someone has to know in learning cooking.

First step is the taste of ingredients. Someone has to eager to taste all fresh ingredients. For the example, simple spices that are used in daily food, like garlic, leek, parsley, basil, clove, coriander, and many more. Furthermore, the more examples are some kinds of vegetables, fruits, meats, or other ingredients. They should try them one by one and remember the taste. After that, try to combine the taste into a kind of menu.

Second step is how to process the ingredients in good way. In specific ingredients, if we don’t know how to cook them well, it will reduce or even damage the taste. For example, if we cook the tomatoes too long in the soup, it will reduce the vitamins and minerals in tomatoes. We have to give it when the soup is getting cooked, approximately in the last two minutes of cooking.

The next important thing is how to control the heat of fire while cooking. Sometimes we have to know when to cook in high heat or in low heat. In cooking pasta, it’s important to cook in low heat for mixing the taste of sauce. But we have to use high heat when we fry chickens or meats. We can know the best and ideal measurement of heat by practices or information from recipe books.

The last thing is how to use the cooking equipments and know the right techniques. We can find easily cooking equipments in stores, start from a traditional or modern one. Then, we have to know how to use it. Meanwhile, there are modern and traditional techniques while cooking. In several specific foods only can cook by traditional technique. For the example, Rendang which cooked by wood will have different taste from which cooked in modern stove. Many people prefer to choice traditional Rendang because of its authentic taste.

Beside of these skills, there is still the easiest way to learn cooking. Someone can find the practical cooking book, which include step by step pictures in every stages of cooking. Start with the simplest recipe and common ingredients. Then, try to use the spare time on weekend to cook. Just remember, more practice makes perfect. (Feb1)

#1 Declarative sentences and word order

Sentence: SUBJECT + PREDICATE

Incomplete actions:

  • He is washing the car (He is not finished)
  • I was sleeping when he called (I didn’t finish my nap. His call interrupted my sleep.)

Completed actions:

  • He washes the car every Sunday (His habit is to wash the car on Sunday)
  • Uncle Bill will arrive today (Uncle Bill will arrive today only once)

Recognizing tense from context:

With certain verbs, it is the context of the sentence that tells you which tense is implied.

  • Present: He quits working here today.
  • Past: He quit yesterday after only five days on the job.
  • Future: He quits tomorrow after more than thirty years with us.

Types of complements Subject + predicate + adj/adv/prep.phrase/object

  • The children are noisy. (adj)
  • His eyes blinked rapidly. (adv)
  • Our relatives sat in the garden. (prepositional phrase)
  • I don’t know Mr. Walker. (direct object)
  • They approached the house cautiously from the rear. (combination of elements)

Placing emphasized elements first

emphasized element + subject + predicate + complement

Emphasized elements tend to tell when or how often something is done (usually, ordinarily, in the winter, today, during summer vacation). For example:

  • They went to a concert yesterday. (Yesterday they went to a concert.)
  • He brushes his teeth every morning. (Every morning he brushes his teeth.)
  • The girls play chess in the evening. (In the evening the girls play chess.)
  • Without looking back at his parents, John quickened his pace and turned the corner.
  • After hearing the good news, Mary embraced Bill and kissed him.

Using negatives Sentences can be negated by using any of a variety of negative words: no, not, not any, none, nothing, no one, never, nowhere, or nobody. Examples:

  • I have no time for this now.
  • You are not allowed to smoke here.
  • She does not want any contact with you.
  • None of the contestants knew the answer.
  • I have nothing more to say to you.
  • He spoke to no one about it.
  • They never really expected to win the lottery.
  • There’s nowhere I’d rather live than right here.
  • Nobody saw the burglar enter the house.

no = not any

no one = not anyone

nobody = not anybody

nowhere = not anywhere

nothing = not anything

  • I have no money. >> I do not have any money.
  • I will buy no gift s. >> I will not buy any gifts.

 

sumber: English Sentence Builder

Writing Stages

Musicians practice their pieces many times before a concert. Athletes work out before a competition. In the same way, good writers go through several stages when they write. ‘Process writing’ will guide you through these stages so your final paper is really your best effort.

The first stage of process writing is getting ideas. In this course, you will learn and practice several different ways to get ideas. Try them all and see which way works best for you

An important stage in process writing is sharing your writing. You can see how other writers like you handled the same assignment, and you can get some good ideas from them. You can also see how well someone else understands your ideas.

After you finish your assignment, put it away for some time. When you look at it again, you may have new ideas. Your classmates may help you find new ideas, too. Writing your paper again (called ‘revising’) gives you the chance to improve your paper.

Before you give your teacher your paper, check it carefully. Read it aloud. Does it sound natural? Did you forget any words? Did you remember to write the heading correctly? Does your paper look neat? Remember to give your teacher your best effort!

Sentences and paragraphs

While learning writing for the first time, let’s we read this tips.

BEGINNING

1. recognice and write complete sentences

2. learn how to begin and end a sentence

3. learn the common features of a paragraph

4. identify strong and weak paragraph

Notes:

A  complete sentence in English needs two words: a subject (a noun or a pronoun) and a predicate ( a verb). Most English sentence are longer than just  two words, but every sentence tells a complete thought. Groups of words that do not make complete sentences are called phrases.

Strategi #1 Writing

Satu hal yang ingin aku perbaiki pertama kali adalah memperbaiki nilai writing. Score terakhir hanya mendapatkan nilai 5. Selain itu, mempelajari writing in english adalah cita-citaku untuk dapat membuat buku dalam bahasa inggris. Semoga bukuku yang ke 10 terbit dalam bahasa Inggris ya.

Okey, pertama yang aku coba pahami adalah bagaimana menyusun kalimat  yang benar sesuai dengan tata bahasa dengan tenses yang benar, lalu merangkainya dalam paragraph, lalu membuat artikel pendek.

Grammar! Harus dimulai lagi dengan tingkatan basic, intermediate, dan advanced.

Grammar yang umumnya ada di IELTS adalah sebagai berikut:

Notes: gambar diatas diambil dari daftar isi buku Grammar for IELTS terbitan Cambrigde.

Sementara ini dalam waktu sebulan akan aku review satu  buku ini beserta latihannya.  Hayo semangat!.

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